Lesson Code: BPU-1106 (PREMIUM LESSON) Describes how microorganisms are used in fermentation processes as part of biopharmaceutical manufacturing. Areas covered include growth phases and characteristics and conditions, cell banks, media, bioreactors and modes of operation, and the importance of sterility.

  • Category: Biopharma Processes and Equipment


After completing this e-Lesson, you will be able to:

  • Explain what is meant by 'fermentation'
  • List the different stages of microbial growth
  • Describe the structure of a typical bioreactor used for fermentation
  • Explain the concept of a cell bank and how an inoculation procedure is performed
  • Distinguish between defined and undefined media used in a fermentation process
  • Distinguish between batch and continuous modes of fermentation
  • Explain why cleaning and sterilization of equipment are so critical in fermentation