Lesson Code: BPU-1113 (PREMIUM LESSON) Describes freeze drying (lyophilization), its use in biopharmaceutical manufacturing, the structure of a freeze dryer and the freeze drying process, including critical parameters, cycle phases, process monitoring and control.

  • Category: Biopharma Processes and Equipment


After taking this e-Lesson you will be able to:

- Describe the advantages and disadvantages of freeze drying

- Describe the basic structure of a freeze dryer

- Describe the brief history of freeze drying

- Explain how both vacuum and refrigeration are used in freeze drying

- Explain what is meant by freeze drying

- Explain why freeze drying is used in the manufacture of biopharmaceuticals

- List and describe the three phases of the freeze drying process

- List and explain the critical freeze drying process parameters that must be monitored and controlled